Neuropathic pain is also known as neuralgia and is caused due poor nerve signals. There are many reasons for this type of pain, and some of them include pressure, burn or injury. There are across the counter pain killer like anti-inflammatory or paracetamol that can help give relief from pain. A patient suffering from neuralgia can find relief with anti-epileptic or antidepressant medicines. Apart from these other pain relief for neuropathy is also used by physicians. For more information on symptoms and cure for neuropathic pain check Nature.com/nrc/index.html. Every 7 in 100 people experience neuropathic pain says statistics and it is more common among old people.
Types Of Neuropathic Pain
Before understanding the treatment options for neuropathy, it is important to understand their classifications. Neuropathic pain is divided into nociceptive pain and neuropathic pain. The former is a form of pain experienced commonly at some point of time, and it is caused due to damage to the tissues. A burn, injury, cut or pressure from the inside or outside the body can cause this kind of pain. The reason for the pain is due to the activation of the nerve endings due to the injury sending pain signals to the brain through the nerves. The pain can be sharp and can be eased with the use of painkillers like paracetamol, morphine or codeine.
The second is neuropathic pain and is caused due to more than one problem in the nerves. The message is to send to the brain, and the nerve functions are affected. The pain can be described as stabbing, aching, shooting, burning or similar to electric shock. The pain is nothing like nociceptive pain and cannot be treated with traditional painkillers. There are specific medicines to get relief from neuropathic pain.
Reasons For Neuropathic Pain
Neuropathic pain can be caused by a number of conditions, and a few are shared. Among them includes Trigeminal neuralgia, postherpetic neuralgia, diabetic neuropathy, Multiple sclerosis, HIV infection, Phantom limb pain, Cancer, Pain following chemotherapy, Atypical facial pain, alcoholism and other nerve disorders. In certain patients both nociceptive and neuropathic pain can occur at the same time and due to the similar condition.
More On Neuropathic Pain
Allodynia is a condition where the pain gets worse with stimulus or touch. For instance, even a slight facial touch could trigger pain especially for patients with trigeminal neuralgia. Hyperalgesia causes severe pain due to touch or stimulus and could be a reason for discomfort. Paraesthesia causes unpleasant feeling when without touch or stimulus, similar to electric shock or pricking needles.
Neuropathic Pain Treatment Options
Some of the common treatment methods include medicines, physical and psychological treatments. The best treatment for this condition would be to treat the underlying cause. For instance, if you are suffering from diabetic neuropathy then keeping your sugar levels under control could be a treatment option.
Medicines To Treat Neuropathic Pain
Antidepressant medicines from the Tricyclic group are the best way to treat the condition. It has nothing to do with depression. They medicine interferes with the transmission of nerve impulses.